Energy efficiency has been recognized in many manufacturing companies as an area of activity for cost savings and for environmental protection. Barriers, however, exist among others in the training of the employees. While at least larger companies have specialists and specialized departments, a holistic implementation is only possible with the involvement of all employees. The non-visibility and complexity of energy flows are challenging to impart knowledge illustratively. Furthermore, energy efficiency does not only require disciplinary but also interdisciplinary knowledge to exploit the energy efficiency potentials beyond the system boundaries of a factory. By these challenges, the design of learning environments has special significance. This paper presents a systematic approach for the development of learning environments for energy efficiency in the industrial production. Depending on the addressed target group, the competences to be imparted are methodically transferred to design features of a learning environment. The result is an effective and target group-oriented development process.